Metal fabrication is a term used to describe the process of bending, cutting, and assembly of metal structures of various metal parts and pieces. Metal cutting process during fabrication generally conducted by sawing or shearing, laser cutting or punching. The process is done through the press brake bending. Press brakes use a variety of dies to achieve different types of bend required by a project.
Both cutting and bending of the metal during fabrication is the first step. After each of the metal pieces were cut and bent to the right size and shape, they gather together through welding. You can know more about metal customization process online.
Stamping is another process in the fabrication of metal used for a large number of equal parts. The first step is to create the stamp, or molds used in the stamping machine to stamp out parts of a piece of sheet metal. This process is used to create a large number of equal parts.
It is expensive to build the mold, but once the mold is obtained, many parts can be made quickly, thereby reducing the cost per part. Stamping is often used for items such as ventilation, panels, hinges, and more.
While various types of metals used in metal fabrication, steel is by far and away the most common. Especially iron alloy steel with varying amounts of carbon added, generally 0.2% to 2.1%. Carbon is the most common alloying elements due to it being the lowest cost and add the desired properties with metals such as increased strength, elasticity, and hardness depending on the amount of carbon added.
While carbon steel is very useful and versatile, one problem with it is that it corrodes and rust. If that is a concern for the project, then the item must be either coated or painted for protection, or vice versa can be made of stainless steel for corrosion resistance.